A useful summary of his career is here, and his Wikipedia entry is brief but has a long list of artists who studied under him.
Those former students include: McClelland Barclay, Will Eisner, Lee Krasner, Andrew Loomis, Paul Manship, John Cullen Murphy and Norman Rockwell. For a while Rockwell served as his classroom assistant, as the first link mentions. Bridgman was a student of Jean-Léon Gérôme at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris.
Below are images of his drawings found here and there on the Internet. Bridgman favored a structural approach to anatomy featuring masses and some geometry.